The framework of writing the articles are as the following: (1) title, (2) abstract, (3) introduction, (4) theoretical framework and hypothesis (if any), (5) research method, (6) data analysis, and discussion, (7) conclusion, implication, suggestion, and limitation, (8) references, and (9) appendices.  The details above are as the following.

Title of the Article

It should reflect the content, and use the words, terms, abbreviations, formulas, registers as commonly used in the research report.


  • Abstract should include the research topic or problem, purpose of the research, method of the research, results, and implication.
  • In one paragraph between 150 – 200 words.
  • Include 2 – 5 keywords underneath.


Introduction is written without subtitles / sub chapters and stating the outset of articles substance containing topics, gap phenomena / research gap / theoretical gap, problems, objectives, originality, grand theory / theory used in the study, and hypothesis formulation. Introduction offers theoretical concepts, ideas, and presents the findings of previous research as comparators, as well as the strengthening, enrichment and refinement of discussion, analysis and interpretation. The presentation should be coherent chronologically and the logical relationship between one paragraph and the following paragraph should be clear.

Theoretical Framework and Hypothesis (If Any)

It describes the previously related studies as the primary sources. The use of secondary sources of references should not dominate the total references. Quotation should be maximally one paragraph and/ or the gist of the quoted sources.

Research Method

Method is the sufficient information for the reader to follow the research flow well, so that the reader who will examine or develop similar research obtains the description of the research steps. This section describes the types of research and data types, population and sample, operational research variables, the data used (types and sources), data collection technique, and data analysis technique (model analysis).

Result and Discussion

The results are presented systematically, written without sub-chapters and written out completely in advance, then the author writes result discussion. The result narration contains the information, which is taken from the data, does not tell the data as it is, but tell the meaning of the data or information. For the information clarification purposes, author can add tables, images, etc. In addition, the results also present the items listed in the research objectives or the results of hypothesis examination which is proposed along with each step taken to the examination as written in the method section.

Discussion suggests results interpretation, argument development by linking the results, theories, and opinions, including the comparison with previous research results. It is also important to raise the possibility of their research results contribution to the development of science. This section does not rewrite the data on the research results.

Conclusion, Implication, Suggestions, and Limitations

It is the closing of the article which reflects the essence and reasoning of the research by the writer. It is also logically based on the evidence taken from, and presented by the writer in paragraphs. Implication, limitations, and suggestions are also presented in paragraphs without numbering.


Manuscripts are written by using standard citation application (Mendeley/ Endnote/Zotero). Reference uses Chicago style reference manager. The references used had better be the latest references published in the last 10 years since the article is written. The total literature required is 20 or more and at least 80% of them are primary sources (for example, scientific journals).